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When Does The First Month Of The Year Begin?

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The First Month of the year.

YHWH said in Exodus 12:2 

[2] This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

The new moon at creation was actually the first month/moon of the year, and it came before Equal division of light and darkness!

If the first man, Adam, or even Moses were to suddenly appear today, they could easily find the first month of the year without any calendar etc. The reason is because the great lights of Gen-1:14 still works today, the same as they worked in creation!

 In creation, the first month/moon of the year stayed the first month/moon of the year, until the moon drifted backwards over 29 ½ days from the equinox,  [or beginning point], then an adjustment would be made, by adding a thirteenth moon, which keeps the first month/moon of the year in line with the equinox and the spring Harvest season/Abib.

I believe  first new moon in creation could have been  one day before the “equal” division of light and darkness”,  around February 19, not the traditional equinox on March 20, which actually has about one more hour of light than darkness!

 The Almighty created heaven and earth “before” he said let there be light and “equally” divided it from the darkness, the New Moon day was the first day of the Month/moon! It was the chief day, when he created heaven and earth, before he worked on his creation for 6 days, beginning with the equal division of light and darkness, which could have happened on the first day of the week, around February 20, and the New Moon on February 19th. 

For those who don’t know, it is a scientific fact that each year it takes the moon approximately 11 days longer, than the sun, to make a complete yearly cycle,  returning to the point in which they started. At creation everything  would have started moving at the same time.

In other words, if Adam or Moses saw a full  moon was going to occur anywhere within 14 or 15 days before the equinox, they would know that they are still in the first month of the year and the spring harvest season, same as in creation, because the moon has not drifted over 15 days from the equinox, or point in which it began. When the adjustment is made, the new moon WILL ALWAYS still be the new moon before the traditional equinox, it WILL NEVER PASS IT!  

A new moon any where between February 19 and March 20 will always be the first month of the year THE FIRST month of the year, according to the teaching of Philo, and will never be a new moon after the equinox, or a new moon over 19 days before the traditional March 20 Equinox. It is scientifically and mathematically impossible, that  a biblical new moon can “ever” come “after” the equinox.

Both Philo (who lived during the time of our Savior) and Scripture teach to keep the 7 day feasts AT the equinox, which will be on the 15th, or the full moon closest to March 20. 

ON THE CREATION XXXIV (116)

 Philo writes, “And the sun, the ruler of the day, making “two equinoxes every year, both in spring and autumn”. The spring equinox “in” the constellation of Aries, and the autumnal one in Libra, gives the most evident demonstration possible of the divine dignity of the number seven. “For each of the equinoxes takes place “in” the seventh month”, at which time men are expressly commanded “by law” to celebrate the greatest and most popular and comprehensive festivals; since it is owing to both these seasons, that all the fruits of the earth are engendered and brought to perfection;”

(in other words, the equinoxes takes place “within” that particular month, i.e. within the first month/moon and within the seventh month/moon, which is corresponds  to our March and September!)

[Notice he teaches and understood the “equinoxes” were “in” the 1st and 7th month (March and September)!

 In other words, “the first and seventh month will always begin “first”, and “then” the equinox will take place “within” the month/moon, same as  was the case in creation, and he goes on to say, “at which time,  it is commanded by law, to keep the festival in that month”! 

In other words, Philo  believed he was commanded by the law (of God), to keep the feast in the month that the equinox takes place in,  which is March and September!

Philo  certainly knew when the first month of the year was!

Remember, Philo lived during the time of the Messiah, and when the temple was still standing, and it is unthinkable that  he was keeping a different first month of the year than the Messiah and the Priest in the temple!    

The following demonstration shows where the 7 day feasts will fall in proximity to the equinoxes in 2014, for March and April, whether you take the first or second month. You can judge for yourself which one is closest.

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 Sept9101112131415161718192021“22”2324252627282930-Oct-1234567891011121314

Notice the seven day feasts closest to the equinox in 2014, are the ones that are counted from the new moon in which the equinox occurs, not the new moon that comes after the equinox!  

This holds true no matter what year you check. The 2014 new moon was on March first, only 20 days from the equinox, and therefore nature has NOT produced a thirteenth new moon, and therefore an adjustment will not need to be made until the following year. The feast will begin March 15 through 21, which is at the equinox.

Notice also, in the seventh month, that the seven day feast is near the 17th, which is the middle of the 365 day year when counting from March 20, and the Septuagint says “keep a feast TO ME in the middle of the year”, Exodus 34:22. Why would anyone want to keep Tabernacles in the eight month,  a whole month past the middle of the year, especially when the Almighty tells us to keep a feast to him in the middle of the year??? Remember Jeroboam’s kept a eighth month feast, a month that he devised of his own heart (first kings 12:33).

 The Hebrew text of Ex-34:22 says, "at” the year's end", Not after it, referring to Tabernacle's.  Why keep the feast AFTER the year's end???

All feast keepers realize that a thirteenth new moon will rise before the equinox, approximately every third year, and an adjustment must be made, in order to keep the equinox  and feast season close  together. The question is, which side of the equinox is the adjustment made???

The first day in creation was the first day of everything, the month, the year, etc. and from there, in comparison with the sun, the moon will drift backwards, losing approximately 11 days each year, because the moon is slower than the sun.

And after three years, a loss of 33 days, which is OVER a month away from the equinox, assume in creation took place around March 20, and therefore an additional lunar month must be added, in order to keep the moon/month in line with the solar equinox, or you will not be able to tell time, because you will not know which month is the first month of the year. Notice, an adjustment will never be made AFTER THE EQUINOX, because the moon drifts BACKWARDS, away from the equinox eight year.

When this adjustment is made, or an extra month is added, it will ALWAYS bring you back toward the equinox, or the starting point/first day of creation, when light and darkness was equally divided, but it will NEVER cross the beginning point/equinox, from which it started!

In other words, the adjustment is ALWAYS made before the equinox. This is a scientific and mathematical fact that cannot be intelligently argued against, and the same is still true today. Adam and Moses would understand this simple fact.

Nature is the one that produces the thirteenth month and is not an arbitrary month that man may decide when to add it, for whatever reason, before it is produced by nature.

It has been doing this since creation, and we should not try to produce a first month of the year beyond the traditional equinox, in order to make it fit our theology. If we do, it will cause the feast of Tabernacles to be observed in the eighth month instead of the seventh, which is a no-no in Scripture. It will be a month we devised of our own heart, instead of nature.

Tabernacles should be observed as close to the middle of the year as possible, according to the Septuagint, Exodus 34:22.

One half of the 365 and one quarter day year is almost 183 days. When you count 183 days from the vernal equinox, it will bring you to September 19, three days from the fall equinox, [September 22] which puts us  within three  days from  the middle of the year, and the same is true, when we count from the September equinox, it brings us to March 22, two days from the spring equinox. (If I counted right) 

 We should always keep the feast in the month that will put our feast as close to the spring equinox as possible, and the fall feast that is as close to the fall equinox as possible, which will be as close to the middle of the year as possible.

Tabernacles should be observed as close to the equinox and middle of the year as possible. If there is a month closer to the equinox, than the one that you’re keeping, then you’re scripturally in the wrong month, and the reason for it is because you went against nature and counted the first new moon/month after the equinox as the first month of the year, which never happened in creation or since .

Remember, assuming creation took place on March 20 equinox, each year the moon would have drifted backwards, 11, 11, 11 days, which is 33 days, and then the extra month must be added, in order to get the first new moon/month of the year back up toward the equinox, BUT IT WILL NEVER PASS IT!  Man has to arbitrarily carry it across the equinox, in order to fit his theology.

Philo, who lived during the time of the New Testament teaches that the feast are observed [at] the equinoxes, and by correctly taking the new moon before the equinox, the 7 day Passover feast in 2014 will actually touch the March 20 equinox by 2 days and Tabernacles will be 20 days closer to the middle of the year, than if you took the new moon after the equinox. Also, taking a new moon after the equinox, will put your spring feast about 26 days away from the equinox. Even though 2014 is an extreme year, it still harmonizes with Scripture and Philo because you’re keeping the feast “at” the spring equinox and “at” the year’s end, not after it. Most years it will be much closer to the equinox than 2014, which is an extreme year.

Philo, who certainly knew when the first month was, not only teaches that the feast are kept [at] the equinoxes, but specifically says that the month in which the equinox takes place, is the first month of the year. By taking the month in which the equinox occurs, it will ALWAYS put your feast as near as possible to the equinoxes, which he says ripens the grain.

This causes the feast to always be around the full moon nearest the equinox. 

The full moon nearest the autumnal equinox is called the “Harvest Moon”, because before farmers had lights, they harvested on into the night by the light of the Harvest Moon, and that’s where it get its name, according to encyclopedias. Look it up.

By taking the moon in which the equinox occurs, as the first month of the year, will put  your harvest feast at the Harvest Moon. The full moon after the Harvest Moon is called the Hunter’s Moon, and is named that because this is when they begin hunting meat for the winter, which is after the Harvest Moon. The same encyclopedia says that the Harvest Moon will always be the full moon closest to the fall equinox.  

Both Philo, who live during the time of the New Testament,  and Scripture teach to keep the 7 day feasts AT the equinox.

Again, the middle of the 365 day year,  when counting from March 20, will fulfill the command in the Septuagint which says, “ keep a feast TO ME in the middle of the year”, Exodus 34:22.  

Here are some quotes from Philo, which shows how they understood when the first new moon of the year was, who was actually an eyewitness during the time of the New Testament.

ON THE CREATION XXXIX (116)

 (116) And the sun, the ruler of the day, making “two equinoxes every year, both in spring and autumn”. The spring equinox “in” the constellation of Aries, [remember, the March 20 equinox don’t begin the constellation Aries, but the equinox occurs “in” the constellation Aries. In other words the constellation begins first, and then the equinox, and that way the equinoxes are “in” the constellation of Aries and Libra, which is equal to our March 20 and September 22.

There is historical and scientific evidence that Aries and Libra began eight days before the equinox, and therefore the equinoxes are [in] these two zodiac signs.] and the autumnal one in Libra, gives the most evident demonstration possible of the divine dignity of the number seven. “For each of the equinoxes takes place “in” the seventh month” (in other words, the equinoxes takes place within the month, i.e.  in the first month/moon and in the seventh month/moon, which is equal to our March and September!), at which time men are expressly commanded “by law” to celebrate the greatest and most popular and comprehensive festivals; since it is owing to both these seasons, that all the fruits of the earth are engendered and brought to perfection;”

[Notice he teaches and understood the “equinoxes” were “in” the 1st and 7th month! In other words, “the first and seventh month began “first”, and “then” the equinox is within the month/moon, same as it was in creation, at which time,  it is commanded by law, to keep the festivals, and Philo certainly knew when to keep the feast because the temple was still standing! 

If no equinox occurs in the month/moon you are keeping, then it is not the same 1st or 7th month that Philo and other feast keepers of his day kept, including our Saviour!

Philo is saying that the month begins first and then the equinox!] And it is owing to both these seasons, that all the fruits of the earth are engendered and brought to perfection;” [in other words at the equinoxes. The month you keep should be a month that puts your feast as close to the equinox as possible, when the harvest is ripe.

If there is a month that would put your feast closer to the equinox than the one you’re keeping, you are in the wrong month, according to the teachings of Philo, who was an eyewitness.]

Philo is right because it is the sun that ripens the grain for the feast.

Also the equinoxes were around March 20 and September 22 and back then the sun was in the constellation of Aries and Libra and this is when they observed the feasts according to the law and there customs, which was in March and September, even though the constellations have changed due to the Precession of the equinoxes, the stars have moved but the equinox has not. i.e. this is specifically referring to keeping the feast around the March and September equinoxes, which is impossible with counting from a  new Moon after the March 20 equinox, or after the September 22 Equinox.

Side note: Aries and Libra began eight days before the equinoxes. When Philo says that one equinox is in the constellation Aries, and the other in the constellation Libra, he is not saying that the equinox begins these constellations, but the equinoxes happens “in” them!

 The Equinoxes happens in the sign of Aries and Libra, i.e. the constellation has already begun before the equinox, in order for the equinox to be in them!

Again, it was not unusual for people back then, to use Julius Caesar calendar to show when the Hebrew feasts times of the Almighty fall,  and when they were to be observed according to the law of YHWH. 

According to the above, the solar lunar feasts should be and were observed as close as possible to the March and September equinoxes and were referred to as the 1st and 7th months. We may not agree with how they done it but the Savior obviously did!

Flaccus XIV. (116) “This was the unexampled misfortune which befell Flaccus in the country of which he was governor, being taken prisoner like an enemy on account of the Jews, as it appears to me, whom he had determined to destroy utterly in his desire for glory. And a manifest proof of this is to be found in the time of his arrest, for it was the general festival of the Jews “at the time of the autumnal equinox”, during which it is the custom of the Jews to live in tents;”  

The above teaches that Tabernacles is around the traditional equinox which happens around the middle of the year, SEPTEMBER 22nd, NOT OCTOBER! 

If the equinox is in September/7th month, and Philo and our Savior kept the feast at that time, why are people keeping it in October and November/8th month???? 

The equinox IS NOT around October and November and neither is the feast. You are not [AT] the equinox in October!

If it was the general festival of the Jews at the time of the autumnal equinox, during which it is the custom of the Jews to live in tents, why is Tabernacles generally held in October/November by those who takes the first new moon after the equinox???

This next quote is further proof that Philo never counted from the new moon after the traditional equinox to observe the feasts. Give quote about two equinoxes each year etc.

 THE DECALOGUE XXX

(161) “But to the seventh day of the week he has assigned the greatest festivals, those of the longest duration, at the periods of the equinox both vernal and autumnal in each year; appointing two festivals for these two epochs, each lasting seven days; the one which takes place in the spring being for the perfection of what is being sown, and the one which falls in autumn being a feast of thanksgiving for the bringing home of all the fruits which the trees have produced. And seven days have very appropriately been appointed to the seventh month of each equinox, so that each month might receive an especial honour of one sacred day of festival, for the purpose of refreshing and cheering the mind with its holiday.”

The above would be the full moon Sabbath nearest equinox, which begins the seven day feasts!    

Another reason you cannot take a new moon after the March 20 equinox is because it will put Tabernacles AFTER the equinox instead of [at] it.

The definition of the word “at” never means “after” or passed something. Here is the definition of the word “AT” [with my comments in red and brackets, after each definition.]

“when used as a preposition, it is in or indistinguishably near a point in space or time; toward, in the direction of; to a goal or aim; for a particular cause or reason; in an action, occupation, or state of being; by a scale or rate, with a quantity, especially with respect “to” a special point or threshold”

Now my comments inserted after each definition.

“when used as a preposition, it is in or indistinguishably near a point in space or time; [by taking the new moon in which the equinox occurs, will always put the feast in or indistinguishably nearer to the equinox, than any other new moon, but NEVER after it, into October.] toward, [notice, toward something, such as the “years end” is NEVER passed it. Try applying the definition of “toward”, when you’re keeping the feast “after”, in the other direction.] in the direction of; [again, at” means in the direction of something, but NEVER going away from or passed it, if it were to come after the mark/equinox, it still remains closer to the goal/equinox.] to a goal or aim; [to a goal or aim is at it, and does not pass it.] for a particular cause or reason; [this one speaks for its self] in an action, [same here, the action is toward or on the equinox, NOT a month after it.] occupation, or state of being; [occupation, or state of being, is at the equinox, not past it. The state of being, is just that, not after the state of being.] by a scale or rate, with a quantity, especially with respect “to” a special point or threshold” [the scale or rate, with quantity, is “to” the equinox which is a special point or threshold, and should never pass it, and should remain closer.]

When the Scripture teaches to keep the feast “at the year’s end”, it is not referring to after the year has ended! See definition above.

We would never tell someone that we’re again [at] the season of Christmas, a month after Christmas is over, or even two days after Christmas. So why would we tell someone that we are at the season of the equinox again, a month after the equinox is gone???

We are not [at] the equinox in October, which is the eighth month.

When we say that we are “at” that time again, or at that point in time again, we are not referring to after that point in time has gone by, but at it!

The same is true when we are commanded to keep the feast [at] the years end/equinox, i.e. at it, NOT AFTER IT!        

If we do it right, it will be at the middle of the year, which is in line with the Septuagint, which commands us to keep the feast in the middle of the year, Exodus 34:22.

When counting from the spring equinox to the fall equinox around September 22, is at the middle of the year, not a month later.

If it is ever possible that [at] a specific point in time, could possibly come after that point, it will still ALWAYS be closer or more [at] that point than any other choice you can make!

The bottom line is when Philo and Scripture says to keep the feast “at” the equinox, it means just that. We should always keep the feast on the full moon that is closest to the equinox, which will always be the full moon closest to the equinoxes and the harvests times. It’s that simple.

BOUNDARIES 

Exodus 13:4 – 5 and 10 commands everyone to remember the day in which they came out of Egypt and that “THAT DAY” was in the month of abib/young tender ears of grain, and that they were to keep THIS SERVICE in “THIS MONTH”, i.e. the month of Abib. And then in verse 10 they were commanded to keep this ordinance in his seasons from year-to-year, i.e. the feast is to be kept in the month of Abib.

Without boundaries it is impossible to tell time, days, months, weeks, or years. You cannot keep the appointed times of the Almighty without boundary lines. You cannot even tell time on the clock without boundary lines. Each scriptural month has boundary lines!

Yes, the month of abib, the month in which the feast is to be observed, has boundary lines also!

Scriptural boundary lines are found in nature, and at the very first year in creation there was a boundary line set for the spring feast, and the next 2 years after that, the feast would drift backwards approximately 11 days each year, and then a thirteenth new moon would rise, and only then would an adjustment have to be made.

The first day in creation would have been the very first day of the month and the year. It would have been the very first day of everything, because there was no months before that, and if the light and darkness was equally divided at creation [equinox], Adam would have Observed the feast, 14 days after the new moon day in creation, which would be on the fifteenth day of the very first month of the year.

Assuming this equal light and darkness corresponded with our March 20 spring equinox, Adam would have observed the spring feast around April 4, and THIS FEAST WOULD HAVE BEEN A BOUNDARY LINE, 14 days after the new moon day. No scriptural feast can ever be observed beyond the April 4 boundary, because the moon drift backwards.

April 4, would be the extreme boundary line on one end and THE OTHER BOUNDARY LINE, would be around March 5 or 6, 14 days before the equinox, on the other end. This is the seasonal boundary lines for the month of abib/young tender green ears of barley!

There is a boundary line where the seeds are no longer young and tender, and you are no longer in the month of Abib. There are no young tender ears of grain before March 5, and there are no young tender ears of grain [to dry by the fire, to fulfill Leviticus 2:14] after April 4, THESE ARE SEASONAL BOUNDARY LINES, and it is the season that they left Egypt, which we are to commemorate.

It is very important to note that Exodus 13:4 – 5 and 10 teaches to remember the day in which they came out of Egypt and that “THAT DAY” was in the month of abib/young tender ears of grain, and that they were to keep THIS SERVICE in “THIS MONTH”, i.e. the month of Abib. And then in verse 10 they were commanded to keep this ordinance in his “seasons” from year-to-year, i.e. the feast is to be kept in the month of Abib.

Nature herself produces a thirteenth new moon, once the moon has drifted over 29 days from the equinox, and when you take the next new moon, [in order to keep the first month of the year in line with the spring harvest season of green ears and the equinox], IT WILL NEVER EVER BE A NEW MOON PAST THE MARCH 20 EQUINOX, or you will be out of the boundaries of the month of Abib, i.e. young tender years of grain! 

The great lights, that ripen the grain, are in harmony with the barley harvest, but a new moon after March 20 equinox will always put the spring harvest feast out of the scriptural bounds of Genesis 1, where the feast would have been around April 4.

Some children, when playing games, such as basketball or football etc., will try to change the boundary rules, when it fits their wants.

With such important matters, as the appointments of the Almighty, we must never change His boundary rules, which he has built into nature, for the purpose of keeping his appointments.

The ordinances of the sun and moon will never change, or Israel will cease to be a nation. The moon has drifted backwards since creation, and when it drifts over 29 days from where it started, the thirteenth moon comes into play, and the adjustment brings it back toward the equinox, but never passes it.

Since creation, it is scientifically and mathematically impossible for nature to produce a thirteenth new moon, before it drifts over 29 days from the equinox.

Once the moon has drifted over 29 days from the equinox, it is then that the intercalary month is added, and the new moon will ALWAYS be “before” the traditional March 20 equinox, this is an absolute.

 It doesn’t matter what point you choose to begin that very first month of the year in creation, spring or fall equinox, winter or summer solstice, etc, a new moon will never pass that point, for the simple reason that the moon drifts backwards, NOT forward.

When nature causes the moon to drift over 29 days backwards from its original beginning point, [approximately every third year], you must take the next new moon back toward the beginning point, which will never pass it, in order to keep everything in line, or within the boundaries of its monthly season that it started with.

The language in nature seems to begin from right to left. The Hebrew is written from right to left. The light on the moon begins from right to left, and the extreme boundary of the feast in creation, around April 4, also began from right to left, and after 29 days of the right to left drift of the moon, a thirteenth new moon comes into play. The gradual drift of the stars, which causes the precession of the equinoxes, is also from right to left, and when facing the North Star boundary line, the sun rises from right to left. Perhaps men learned from watching the language of nature, speaking from right to left, and that’s how he learned to communicate, and that is why the Hebrew and Aramaic writing is from right to left.

Aries

Harmonizing Philo's statement which says that the month in which the equinox occurs in is the first month of the year (when the sacrifice is killed), with Josephus statement that teaches that the lunar month (when the sun is in Aries), is the first month of the year, and is the lunar month in which the sacrifice is killed. This would be a quarter to our month of March.

Both of the above historical quotes is speaking of the exact same month, and can only be speaking of a lunar month that from February 19 until March 20, the lunar month in which the equinox occurs, as Philo states.

At the extreme end of a new lunar moon on February 19 will be the one in which the March 20 equinox actually occurs in, and also the lunar month in which the sun enters Aries on March 20!

It is not only the lunar month in which the equinox occurs on March 20, but is the lunar month in which the sun is in Aries on March 20 according to the tropical zodiac, and the month of green ears.

At the other extreme end of a lunar month, beginning on March 20, the sun will be in Aires all month long, But each day of the other extreme February 19 New moon will still touch Aries. This is the only lunar month that will do this (Cover all the bases).

Example, a new lunar Moon on March 28, will not touch Aires completely, because  tropical areas is from March 20 to April 20, and part of it will be out of Aries, and not touch it.  Any new lunar month-after March 20, is not the lunar month in which the equinox, or Aries occurs in.

"ALL" of the new lunar months from February 19 to March 20 is the "only" lunar months that the sun actually first enters Aries "begins in" and "all" will touch Aries, and is declared the lunar month when the sun is in Aries. 

Technically, it can be said that the new lunar months after March 20, the sun is in Aries, but the sun DOES NOT actually enter Aries on any of them!

If we interpret that Josephus believed that the lunar month in which the sun actually enters Aries, is the first month of the year, it will harmonies perfectly with Philo's statement when he said that the month in which the equinox occurs in, is the first month of the year! Both are on March 20.

An extreme new lunar  month on February 19 will only have one of its days in Aries on March 20, but this lunar month is still a lunar month when the sun is in Aries, because the sun actually inters Aries in this lunar month.

At the extreme (April 19) for someone who always takes the first New moon after the March 20 equinox will have only one day when the sun is in Aries also, the same as a new moon on February 19.

The question would then be, was Josephus referring to the lunar month in which Aries "begins in", or somewhere else?

The lunar month that Aries "begins" in, (from February 19 to March 20), and is the exact same lunar month in which the equinox occurs in, spoken of by Philo, as being the first month of the year!

Therefore the lunar month in which "both", the  equinox "and" Aries occurs in, is the first month of the year!

This way Philo and Josephus are not contradicting one another, as to when the first month of the year is, and that is because a new lunar month anywhere from February 19 to March 20 is the exact same month in which the spring equinox occurs "and" the sun enters Tropical Aries!

This is the lunar month in which the sacrifice is killed, (on the 14th of it), according to Josephus in "THE antiquity of the Jews chapter 10 page 96 verse 248".

Josephus "is not" saying or even suggesting to kill the passover after March 20, when the sun is in Aries, but kill it on the 14th day of the "lunar month", when the sun is in Aries, for in "this month" they were delivered from Egypt. 

Josephus is speaking of the "lunar month" that is in Aries, when the Passover is to be killed, NOT the killing of the Passover in Aries, or else it will not harmonize with Philo's first month of the year, and sometimes you will not have Abib barely, etc.

In other words you must kill it "on the 14th day of the lunar month in which Aries begins in", because this is the first month of the year, because Aries is in it, and also it is the month in which the equinox occurs.

All of the days of a lunar month after March 20, WILL NOT touch in Aries, and none of them will be the lunar month in which the sun actually enters Aries.

The fact is that the new moon that we keep, as the first month of the year, a new lunar month from February 19 to March 20, will ALWAYS be the month in which the equinox occurs, "and" the first lunar month in which the sun is in or actually enter the constellation Aries, and also the first month of green ears!!!!

Being as any new moon/month from February 19 to March 20 is the new moon in which the sun first actually enters Aries, wouldn't all of these months be the lunar month in which the sun is in Aries according to Josephus???

The sun is in Arise in this month, and it is the month or first month of the ancient year during the time of Daniel, according to the historical evidence in Hesod, who lived during the time of Daniel. 

Both the March 20 equinox and the March 20 Tropical Aries are set to our solar March 20, and the lunar month in which these events occur, is the lunar month in which they occur, and is the first lunar month after the ancient year/revolution. The sun makes one (the equinox), and the other is set to the sun, (the Tropical), both on March 20.

Both these are solar events and happen at the "same time", therefore if the lunar month in which the equinox occurs is the first month of the year, so is the lunar month in which Aries occurs! 

And on the 14th day of this first lunar month the lamb is offered. This brings harmony to what Philo and Josephus said.

A Lunar month on March 20 is the lunar month in which the sun actually enters Aries, and stays in it all the way back to February 19. Remember the constellations are about 30 days long. is also the lunar month in which the sun actually enters Aries! 

Example, a new moon on February 19, 20,21,22, and so forth, all the way until March 20, are lunar months in which the sun actually enters or is in Aries, and the sun is in it less and less until all the way back to February 19, and then on February 18, it is no longer in that lunar month. February 18 is not a lunar month when the sun is in or enters Aries, but all the other new lunar months from February 19 through to March 20, are.

Now, going to the other extreme, from March  21 to April 20, the sun stays in Aries less and less each day until April 20, and it is only in it but for one day, and on April 21 the sun is no longer in Aries.

You have 30 solar days (from February 19 to March 20) in which a new moon can fall on, and it will always be the lunar month in which the sun actually enters or  is in Aries in that lunar month, as spoken of by Josephus, as being the first month of the year.

Now Philo teaches us the same thing when he said the month in which the equinox occurs in, is the first month of the year, and that is because the equinox was in Aries!

In other words, the month in which the equinox occurs in, and the lunar month in which Aries occurs in, is one  and the same month, and both Josephus and Philo are calling it the first month of the year, which is March! 

Philo teaches that, "the month in which the equinox occurs “in", is the first month, and Josephus says "the lunar month when the sun is in Aries", and both are speaking of the same first lunar month of the year. 

One is describing the first month of the year as the month in which the equinox occurs in, (March 20), and the other is describing the first lunar month of the year as the lunar month in which Aries occurs in (March 20). No contradiction to each other.

The month IN WHICH the Vernal equinox "takes  place" is the first month of the year

First of all let me say, most scholars, if not all, agree that the first Hebrew month of the year is the month of ABIB and that it BEGINS in March.

 We do not have to take the scholars word for it because Nature itself teaches that March is the month in which the barley is abib in the northern part of Egypt and Israel.

The Scripture specifically teaches to watch for and observe the full moon of Abib, NOT the new moon, Exodus 23:15, and Exodus 34:18 i.e. the full moon of abib barley, which will ALLWAYS be in March, at the season they left Egypt. If you have abib barley to put the sickle to and a full moon, you are good to go, I see nothing else to even consider. We know when there will be abib barley in Israel and a full moon, without going over there!

 

The Scripture requires nothing more than abib barley and a full moon in order to keep the feast, we must NOT add to or take away from the word of the Almighty in His specific command in Exodus 23:15 and 34:18. If I were to take the full moon of abib barley out of the equation or add the equinox, constellations, or anything else into the equation, I feel like I would be adding to or taking away from the Almighty's specific command in Exodus 23:15 and 34:18.

It reads, "seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed, [15th/Full Moon] of the month Abib: for in it thou camest out of Egypt:"

The above instructions is easy to understand.

The month/moon of abib barley, which the Almighty Himself introduced, DOES NOT take away from Genesis 1:14, which teaches the great lights are for appointments, but rather lets us know which one of the 12 moons of the year is the first! If he had not mentioned the full moon of green ears/abib, we would not have as much conclusive proof, from Scripture, which of the 12 full moons he is referring to as being the first full moon of the year.

There is also another way to find the first month.

The above Scriptures are in perfect harmony with Philo, an Israelite from the tribe of Levi, who actually lived during the time of our Savior. Philo certainly knew when the first month of the year began, as did all feast keepers of that day, and he specifically teaches that the month in which the traditional March 20 equinox occurs, is the first month of the year, i.e. March. 

 No one has to look for the abib barley, anymore than anyone has to look for the spring equinox, and that because we know when they are. The barley is in the month in which the equinox occurs/March. It's that simple. Finding the first month of the year is very important and the Almighty did not make it hard. As a matter of fact he made it so simple that the Hebrew slaves, who were farmers, could understand it.

It is very important to note that, since creation until now, there has never been a new moon cross the traditional March 20 equinox. The first new moon of the first year, in creation, came BEFORE the March 20 equinox, see 8 days in creation at http://www.lunarsabbath.info/id48.html,  and it would drift backwards from the traditional equinox by about 11 days each year. After three years, the new moon would be over 30  days away from the equinox which is over a month away from the spring season where it originally began the year. 

In order to keep the first month/moon of the year in line with the original season in creation, the 13th month is no longer the 1st month and you leap forward 30 days and BEGIN the next new moon of the next new year but the new moon NEVER passes the traditional equinox. 

In other words the new moon ALWAYS begins the new year, same as in creation, and NEVER COMES AFTER THE TRADITIONAL YEAR HAS ALREADY BEGUN! It comes after the Ancient year, which I will give proof in a minute, but the new moon has to stay between February 19 and March 20 in order to be the month in which the traditional equinox occurs, as spoken of by Philo, who was there, and this will keep the FULL moon feast closest to the equinoxes and barley harvest, as you can get.

You can never have a new moon before February 19 or after March 20 or you will get out of the season of the first month of the year in which they left Egypt, and you will not be in the month in which the equinox occurs or takes place as Philo clearly states. The above happens over and over again since creation and the new moon has never passed the sun.

The new year must always mimic the original one in creation which has the new moon before the traditional equinox.  A new moon that comes after the traditional year has already begun is not the first month of that year because it did not begin it as was the case in creation. Same is true for the Sabbaths, they also must mimic the ones in creation.

The question will then arise, when does the year end and spring begin?

Before they thought to change the seasons, Daniel 7:25, springtime and the ancient year originally began 60 days after the winter solstice, February 19, when the swallows appear, instead of 90 days after it. There is positive proof of this in the writings of Hesoid, Works and Days, who lived during the time of Daniel the prophet. And also Hippocrates (460 BC-c.370 BC) who believed, quote:

 “Spring…  was often popularly dated from the appearance of swallows and the acronychal rising of Arcturus in February." Hippocrates Collected Works I. Hippocrates. W. H. S. Jones. Cambridge. Harvard University Press. 1868.

National Library of Medicine History of Medicine Division provided support for entering this text.

This text was converted to electronic form by Data Entry and has been proofread to a high level of accuracy.” http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:2007.01.0074:chapter=intro&highlight=spring   more on this later.

From the above we see that the idea of spring beginning at the end of February when the swallows appear, instead of end of March, which is nothing new. I have much to say on the ancient year which you can access at http://www.lunarsabbath.info/ at any rate the ancient year ended 60 days after the winter solstice but now ends 90 days after it. 

There's other calendar evidence showing that the month of January and February was added at the end of December, causing the year to end in February. My point was the new moon of the new year should begin the new year as the year starts and not a new moon after the year has already started. If the March 20 equinox starts a new year, then the new moon should come before it as it did in creation! 

The adjustments always come before the traditional equinox and the new moon will never pass it. The sun is portrayed as a he in Scripture and the moon as she. He always leads the way as a perfect gentleman and she always follows his lead as a perfect lady. She cannot stay up with him but she is allowed to leaps forward 30 days approximately every third year and the process of drifting begins anew. It never drifts forward.

Certainly, a first-century Israelite feast keeper, from the tribe of Levi known as Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), knew how to determine when the first month of the year occurred. He matter-of-factly wrote that the first month is the month in which the equinox occurs!

According to Philo, a Levite who lived during the time of our Savior, believed the traditional equinoxes take place in the first and seventh months. This means he believed that the new moon BEFORE the traditional equinox is the first month of the year!                                                                                                                                                                                           

 He even goes on to say that “the month IN WHICH the autumnal equinox occurs is first in sequence according to the orbit of the sun, it is not considered first in the law.” Philo writes,

THE SPECIAL LAWS, II, (153) page 582 THE FIFTH FESTIVAL XXVIII. (153) “Although the month “in which” the autumnal equinox occurs is first in sequence according to solar orbits, it is not considered first in the law.

(Notice he is saying that the month IN WHICH the Autumnal equinox occurs in is the first month of the year according to the solar orbit but not considered first in the law i.e. the month/moon the Autumnal equinox happens in is the seventh month, the first according to the solar orbit. The month in which the Vernal equinox occurs in is the first month of the year according to the law, which would be March, but seventh according to the solar orbit. This is what he believed! 

He calls the vernal euinox the seventh month and teaches that the equinox takes place in the seventh month. That means he believed that the new moon BEFORE the equinox or the month IN WHICH the equinox occurs in is the first month. The new moon had to come BEFORE the equinox!

He also writes, ON THE CREATION (116) Page 17 

“And the sun, the ruler of the day, making two equinoxes every year, both in spring and autumn. The spring equinox in the constellation of Aries, and the autumnal one in Libra, gives the most evident demonstration possible of the divine dignity of the number seven. For each of the equinoxes takes place “in” the seventh month," snip: 

Notice, according to Philo, both of the equinoxes takes place “IN” the seventh month. This means that the seventh month/moon CAME “BEFORE” THE EQUINOX and the equinox came AFTER the new moon! The same thing in creation week! 

Some things are hid in simplicity. Meditate on this, how can an equinox take place “in” the seventh month unless the month/moon THAT IT IS “IN” BEGINS FIRST??? 

Philo specifically says that the feasts are celebrated in the seventh month and he states that the equinox takes place in the seventh month and the feast takes place at the equinox.  This proves the new moon comes before the feast and the equinox. Here’s what he said, 

“For each of the equinoxes takes place “in” the seventh month, at which time men are expressly commanded by law to celebrate the greatest and most popular and comprehensive festivals;”

( men are especially commanded by law to celebrate the feast in the seventh month, the month in which the equinox takes place! (i.e. the month/moon in which the equinox occurs, which is the seventh month, that is the month in which to keep the feast. There are several ways to say what Philo says but you cannot say that he says the feasts are to be observed in the new month after the equinox.)    -- at which time men are expressly commanded by law to celebrate the greatest and most popular and comprehensive festivals;" snip – (the time men are expressly commanded, by law, to keep the feast is in the month in which the equinox occurs, not after it. The reason all of this is important is because Philo was an Israelite, from the tribe of Levi, and lived during the time of our Savior and kept the same feast! )  "since it is owing to both these seasons, that all the fruits of the earth are engendered and brought to perfection; the fruit of corn, and all other things which are sown, being owing to the vernal equinox; and that of the vine, and of all the other plants which bear hard berries, of which there are great numbers, to the autumnal one.” 

 The above states that each of the equinox takes place in the seventh month, )March and September), they were expressly commanded by law to keep Tabernacles at the equinox, which is harvest time and taking the month in which the equinox takes place, will always put you as close to the spring equinox as you can get. This next quote shows they did. 

FLACCUS page 735 chapter 14 verse 116 states  “This was the unexampled misfortune which befell Flaccus in the country of which he was governor, being taken prisoner like an enemy on account of the Jews, ...the time of his arrest, for it was the general festival of the Jews at the time of the autumnal equinox, during which it is the custom of the Jews to live in tents;” 

From the above, Philo’s readers would have understood this to be around September 22 that they live in tents! Notice he is also saying that the law teaches them to live in tents, or keep Tabernacles at this time, around September 22 equinox. He is obviously referring to Exodus 34:22, which says “in the middle of the year”, according to the Septuagint, or at the year’s end, according to the Hebrew text. September 22 is in the middle of the year with five months in between each equinox! 

Here’s another one that teaches the equinox takes place in the seventh month, and is actually referring to the first month/Passover.  

THE SPECIAL LAWS, 1, (181) and (182) page 551 “In the first season--he calls springtime and its equinox the first season--he ordered that a feast which is called "the feast of unleavened bread" be celebrated for seven days…. (182) For he thought that the same reason governed the relation of the new moon to the month which governed the relation of the seven days of the feast to the equinox that took place in the seventh month."

Again, notice he mentions the new moon and says the equinox took place IN the seventh month; therefore the new moon/month had to have begun BEFORE THE EQUINOX, according to Philo. F. H. Colson’s translation of verse 182, page 203,  which says, “the seven days of the feast bore the same relation to the equinox which “falls” in the seventh month”

 you cannot have an equinox outside of the first or seventh month. The equinox has to fall in that particular month according to Philo’s writings. He also connects the 7 days of the feast to the 7th new moon in that same paragraph! This shows he is speaking of a scriptural month in which the equinox occurs!

"As a result he declared sacred both the beginning of each month and the beginning, consisting of the same number of days as the new moons, of the aggregate seven months. (183) In the middle of spring the harvest takes place during which season thank offerings are offered to God from the field because it has produced fruit in abundance and the crops are being harvested. This feast is the most publicly celebrated feast and is called "the feast of the first produce," named etymologically from the circumstance that the first of the produce, the first fruits, are dedicated at that time.” (The seventh month is referring to the first month according to the law/Passover--. Here’s another one teaching the same thing. 

THE SPECIAL LAWS, 1, (186 -- page 551 (186)  “When the third season takes place “in” the seventh month “at” the autumnal equinox,” (notice again, the equinox IS AFTER the new moon, or how else could the equinox be in the seventh month/moon and not be after the new moon of the seventh month???) at the beginning of the month, the feast which begins the sacred month named "the feast of trumpets" and which was discussed earlier is celebrated. On the tenth day the fast takes place which they take seriously--not only those who are zealous about piety and holiness, but even those who do nothing religious the rest of the time.”

Here’s another one that teaches the feast are to be observed at the equinoxes.

THE DECALOGUE (161) page 532, “But to the seventh day of the week he has assigned the greatest festivals, those of the longest duration, at the periods of the equinox both vernal and autumnal in each year; appointing two festivals for these two epochs, each lasting seven days; (the two festivals are for the two equinoxes/epochs, March 20 and September 22. -- the one which takes place in the spring being for the perfection of what is being sown, and the one which falls in autumn being a feast of thanksgiving for the bringing home of all the fruits which the trees have produced. And seven days have very appropriately been appointed to the seventh month of each equinox, so that each month might receive an especial honour of one sacred day of festival, for the purpose of refreshing and cheering the mind with its holiday.” 

 If you take the new moon that the equinox happens in, it will always put your feast closest to the traditional equinoxes! Here’s another one, 

THE SPECIAL LAWS, II, page 582 THE FIFTH FESTIVAL XXVIII. (150) "And there is another festival combined with the feast of the passover, having a use of food different from the usual one, and not customary; the use, namely, of unleavened bread, from which it derives its name. … This month, being the seventh (scriptural month) both in number and order, according to the revolutions of the sun, is the first in power; (151) on which account it is also called the first in the sacred scriptures. And the reason, as I imagine, is as follows. The vernal equinox is an imitation and representation of that beginning in accordance with which this world was created. 

(Notice again, he connects the Vernal equinox with the first month of the year, same as the first month of the year in creation, when you had the equal division of light and darkness AFTER THE NEW MOON. This was a month by the moon.— Accordingly, every year, God reminds men of the creation of the world, and with this view puts forward the spring, in which season all plants flourish and bloom; (this would also include barley, which is always Abib around the equinox) (152) for which reason this is very correctly set down in the law as the first month, since, in a manner, it may be said to be an impression of the first beginning of all, being stamped by it as by an archetypal Seal. (153) Although the month “in which” the autumnal equinox occurs is first in sequence according to solar orbits, it is not considered first in the law.”

(Notice he specifically is saying that whatever SCRIPTURAL month the Autumnal equinox occurs in is the first month of the year according to the solar orbit but not considered first in the law i.e. the month/moon the Autumnal equinox happens in is the seventh month, the first according to the solar orbit. The month in which the Vernal equinox occurs in is the first month of the year according to the law, but seventh according to the solar orbit. This is what he believed! And a new moon on or after February 20 will always be the month in which the traditional equinox occurs!)

The reason is that at that time, after all the crops have been harvested, the trees lose their leaves and everything that springtime produced in the height of its glory is withering under dry winds after it has been made dry by the flaming heat of the sun. (154) Therefore he thought that to apply the name "first" to the month in which the hill country and the plain become barren and infertile, was incongruous and unfitting. For it is necessary that the most beautiful and desirable phenomena belong to those things which are first and have received the position of leadership, those phenomena through which the reproduction and growth of animals and fruit and crops take place, (including barley -- but not the ominous destructive forces. (155) And this feast is begun on the fifteenth day of the month, in the middle of the month, on the day on which the moon is full of light, in consequence of the providence of God taking care that there shall be no darkness on that day. …(160) Since, therefore, the vernal festival is a commemoration of the creation of the world, 

(the first month in creation of the world happened also at the equinox, and there was a new moon BEFORE the equinox in that first month! HE equally divided the light from darkness, after the dark moon in creation, see Genesis 1. –  There are more, such as the example of the 12 loaves of the showbread which were placed into 2 rows representing the equinoxes. Philo also teaches the same principle with the 12 loaves of showbread. He writes in,   

THE SPECIAL LAWS, I {Yonge's title, A Treatise on Circumcision.} XXXV. (172) “And loaves are placed on the seventh day on the sacred table, being equal in number to the months of the year, twelve loaves, arranged in two rows of six each, in accordance with the arrangement of the equinoxes; for there are two equinoxes every year, the vernal and the autumnal, which are each reckoned by periods of six months. At the vernal equinox all the seeds sown in the ground begin to ripen; about which time, also, the trees begin to put forth their fruit. And by the autumnal one the fruit of the trees has arrived at a perfect ripeness; and at this period, again, is the beginning of seed time. Thus nature, going through a long course of time, showers gifts after gifts upon the race of man, the symbols of which are the two sixes of loaves thus placed on the table.” 

You can draw the 12 circles in two rows, six circles in each row, and ewas Philo says,  “in accordance with the arrangement of the equinoxes; for there are two equinoxes every year,” these equinox circles has five circles/months in between and the middle circle is the September 22 equinox.

A new moon or month on or "after" the equinox is NOT the month IN WHICH the equinox takes place or occurs! This is true no mater if Philo is speaking of a lunar or solar month or both, or Julius Ceser's month. A new moon on or AFTER the equinox, no mater what month, IS NOT the month in which the equinox takes place! The new moon, in which the equinox occurs, must come before the equinox in order for the equinox to be in THAT moon or month. I.e. the new moon between Febuary 19 and March 20. I believe he has to be refering to the scriptural new moon BECAUSE he refers to the month in which the equinox takes place as the first and seventh month and in the Roman month September is the ninth and march is the third months.

 Antiquities of the Jews - Book III

 CHAPTER 10. CONCERNING THE FESTIVALS; AND HOW EACH DAY OF SUCH FESTIVAL IS TO BE OBSERVED.  5. “In the month of Xanthicus, which is by us called Nisan, and is the beginning of our year, Notice the year began with the month/moon.  

Antiquities of the Jews - Book I

CHAPTER 3. CONCERNING THE FLOOD; AND AFTER WHAT MANNER NOAH WAS SAVED IN AN ARK, WITH HIS KINDRED, AND AFTERWARDS DWELT IN THE PLAIN OF SHINAR, 3. This calamity happened in the six hundredth year of Noah's government, [age,] in the second month, (14) called by the Macedonians Dius, but by the Hebrews Marchesuan: for so did they order their year in Egypt. But Moses appointed that • Nisan, which is the same with Xanthicus, should be the first month for their festivals, (the first month of their festival is equal to our March/April, NOT April/May) because he brought them out of Egypt in that month: so that this month began the year as to all the solemnities they observed to the honor of God, although he preserved the original order of the months as to selling and buying, and other ordinary affairs.But at the beginning of the second year, on the month Xanthicus, as the Macedonians call it, but on the month Nisan, as the Hebrews call it, on the new moon, they consecrated the tabernacle, and all its vessels, which I have already described.”

Notice again, where he says, “beginning” of the second year, on the month Xanthicus, as the Macedonians call it, but on the month Nisan as the Hebrews call it,” the month Nisan and Xanthicus is equal to our March/April and he calls it the beginning of the year! 

It appears that they also believed that the new year began lunar, with the moon, not the equinox but at any rate the first month of the year was equal to our March/April NOT April/May.

It appears that Philo and Hesiod believe the year ended the same time.  Philo used the traditional equinox as a reference point in describing when to keep the feast and when the first month/moon of the year begins.  Philo teaches to keep the feast AT the traditional equinox. By taking the month in which the equinox occurs, as the first month of the year, the beginning of your feast will never be over about 14 days away from traditional equinox the other way, taking the new moon after the traditional equinox, as much as 45 days from the traditional equinox, which is not AT the equinox or even the month in which the equinox occurs. 

In other words, the extreme for both, would be when a new moon falls one day before the traditional equinox, or about 14 days from the equinox, for Philo, who claims the month in which the equinox occurs is the first month of the year, and about 45 days away from the equinox for those who has to wait another month/new moon and in 15 days to the full moon which is a total of 45 days away from the equinox. 

This certainly would not square with Philo and the feast keepers during our Savior’s time, who kept the feast “AT” the equinoxes. If you take the first new moon after the true equal light and darkness AFTER February 19, the full moon feast would be around March 7, at the extreme, only 13 days from the traditional March 20 equinox and the 7th day of the feast about 6 days from touching the equinox. 

The seven-day feast would actually reach down to March 14 which is only six days from the spring equinox, this is AT the equinox. This is the extreme, in one direction, but using the new moon after the equinox the extreme will be as much as 45 days at the beginning of the feast and about 52 days from the equinox at the end of the feast! Using the new moon after the equinox, the closest you will ever be to the vernal equinox is about 16 days. You will NEVER be “AT” it.

  Philo teaches the month IN WHICH the equinox occurs is the first month of the year. He also says the EQUINOX TAKES PLACE in the seventh month, i.e. the seventh month is the month in which the equinox occurs. This is in perfect harmony with taking the first new moon after THE TRUE Equal light and darkness , year’s end, spoken of by Hesiod, because the new moon after this is  60 days after the winter solstice/February 19, and the month in which the traditional equinox occurs is one and the same month!!! Meditate on that for a moment.

  Philo says both the equinoxes TAKE PLACE in the seventh month. What month would you say the equinoxes take place in???  Obviously March and September.

Remember, the equinox is the beginning of the year solar year. Acording to Philo, who was an eye witness, should we take the new moon that the equinox occurs in, as the first month of the year, or a New moon AFTER the year has ALREADY begun as the first month of the year? 

There seems to be as much problem one way as the other. How is calling the month in which the equinox occurs, the first month of the year, anymore ridiculous than if you call the new moon 25 days after the year has already begun, the first month of the year? 

If the spring equinox is the beginning of the solar year, then whatever month that takes place in, is the first month of the year, if you think about it, it makes more sense than the other. I know it can be argued either way but it is obvious, from the writings of Philo, they took the month in which the equinox occurred as the first month of the year. 

When a new moon begins in the middle of the day that day is counted as a whole, and is the first day of the month. The same is true, when a new year begins in the middle of the month, it is also counted as a whole, and is the first month of the year! It is called inclusive reckoning, anything which happens within a day, month, or year, it is counted as a whole. There are examples of this in Scripture, when a king  begin to reign in the middle of the year, and reign for so many years, the scripture teaches that the first year of his reign was counted as a whole year, even though his reign began in the middle of the year. 

The month in which the traditional equinox takes place is the new moon BEFORE the traditional equinox and it is also the new moon AFTER the true equal light and darkness on February 19. They are one and the same. The new moon that happens after the true equal light and darkness equinox, which occurs around February 19, according to Hesiod, who lived at the time of Daniel, is the same new moon that happens before the traditional equinox, spoken of by Philo. It seems they both had something in common. 

Hesiod WORKS AND DAYS (ll. 564-570) see lines 536-570

http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0132%3Acard%http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0132%3Acard% 

“Observe all this until the “year is ended” and you have “nights and days of equal length”, and Earth, the mother of all, “bears again her various fruit”. When Zeus has finished “sixty wintry days after the solstice”, then the star Arcturus leaves the holy stream of Ocean and first rises brilliant at dusk. (25) (February to March). After him the shrilly wailing daughter of Pandion, the “swallow, appears” to men when “spring is just beginning” (February 19).  Before she comes, prune the vines, for it is best so.”

60 days from the winter solstice is February 19  See my notes on the true equinox at http://www.lunarsabbath.info/id43.html   

The swallows are migrating birds, and they first appear in droves, on February 19 in Israel, Look up birdwatching in Israel. 

Here is another way to look at whether or not the new moon that occurs just before the equinox can be called the chief or first moon of the year or the chief month of the solar revolution which begins and ends at the vernal equinox.  The solar year has 12 complete lunar months within it according to Scripture, and one of them has to be chief. The 12 lunar months will end before the solar year/revolution ends and the beginning of the next lunar month is the chief month/moon of the solar revolution, even though the solar revolution hasn’t ended yet, it is still the chief month of that revolution because it took place within that revolution. It is the first month of another lunar cycle/year of 12 lunar months.  

He could have said the third lunar month of the solar year is chief or first and the third month would be the chief month of the year or solar revolution. Of course we know that the third lunar month is not chief or first in the solar year but we do know that the lunar month that comes after the 12th lunar month is chief or first! 

My point is that the new moon before the traditional equinox is designated as the chief month WITHIN the solar revolution/year, according to Philo!  We know there are 12 lunar months in a year. 

I would ask, how can the new moon that occurs after the solar year/revolution has ended, be the chief month of the year, when it don’t even happen till after the solar revolution/year has ENDED???  Philo states that Moses put down the beginning of the equinox, not after it, Is the first month of the year. 

ON THE LIFE OF MOSES, II (222) “Moses puts down the beginning of the vernal equinox as the first month of the year,”

This is obviously speaking of the month IN WHICH the Vernal equinox takes place is the first month of the year, NOT the new moon after the year has already begun or ended!

THE SPECIAL LAWS, II (153—page 582 “Although the month in which the autumnal equinox occurs is first in sequence according to solar orbits, it is not considered first in the law.”

In other words, the month in which the vernal equinox occurs in is first in the law!

The chief/first lunar month within a solar year is the lunar month in which the solar equinox occurs in. This would be the chief month of that year/revolution, according to Philo. 

See also ON THE CREATION (116) Page 17“.. each of the equinoxes takes place “in” the seventh month, at which time men are expressly commanded by law to celebrate the greatest and most popular and comprehensive festivals;”click here for a first day of the month debate. https://www.freeconferencecallhd.com/playback.html?n=aryMN/jBUr4 

The First New Moon of the year will always be before the March 20 equinox, as it was in creation. Remember there was a new moon day when he created heaven and earth, “before” the first work day of the week, when he divided the light from the darkness, at the equinox, which would put the weekly Sabbath on the “eighth” day of the month in creation.

It is very important to understand that that the moon is slower than the sun each year by about 11 days. From the very first year in creation, after about three years, the moon will have drifted approximately 33 days from the equinox, or the equal division of light and darkness.

Adam understood that nature caused this to happen and if he did not adjust, by adding a 13th new moon, after the first moon he was watching, which occurred at creation, had drifted backwards over 30 days from the equinox, he would be out of the spring season!

A thirteenth new moon happens approximately every 3rd year, to bring the season back in line with the equinox and at creation, the moon will have floated over 30 days from the season of the equinox and can no longer be considered the first month of the year.

The key to this whole thing is to understand that each year, the new moon drifts “backwards” approximately 11 days and when it get over a month away from where it began at the equinox, it becomes a thirteenth new moon and is skipped, in order to keep the first new moon of the year, in the season of the equinox, this first new moon of the year NEVER passes the equinox and the full moon will always be the one closet to the equinox and the full moon of Abib, and that is when we are to keep the feast, Exodus 23:15, The “time appointed” to keep the feast in Exodus 23:15, is referring to the “full moon” of Abib, because that is when he brought them out of Egypt!

When we skip the thirteenth new moon, that nature produced, and take the next new moon, that new moon will always start before the spring equinox, as it did in creation, which will keep the seasons in line with the equinox. We must let nature add a 13th moon, Not us.

The following shows conclusive evidence that you “cannot” take a new moon after the equinox as being the first month of the year.

Below Are the Phases of the moon, for 20 years, showing approximately what the first 20 years of creation would look like.

 If Adam understood Exodus 23:15 and Exodus 34:18, which teaches to keep the “full moon” of Abib, as the “time appointed” for the feast, not the new moon, of the month of ABIB, he would never take a new moon after the equinox. 

In other words, creation took place at the equinox and the first lunar month of the year would drift backwards 11 days each year and would have to be adjusted every third year in order to observe the full moon in the proper season. Adam would not have added a thirteenth new moon until nature produced one! This means that Adam would have taken a new moon from February 19 to March 20, as the first new moon of the year. A new moon anywhere “before” February 19, on our calendar, would be over 30 days from the equinox, and it would not be the month in which the equinox occurs in according to Philo. 

 When the new moon began over a month from where it started at creation, it would have been counted as a thirteenth new moon and the next new moon after that would be the first new moon of the year again.

This keeps everything in its season at the equinox when the barley harvest is abib. The website for the following phases of the moon calculation is found at

http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/MoonPhase.php 

The chart proves that the first month of the year will never be a new moon after the spring equinox and if Adam were here today, he would still make the adjustment after approximately every third year in order to keep the full harvest moon nearest the equinox and the season of creation when the Almighty equally divided the light from the darkness, at the equinox.

Nature itself teaches the new moon adjustment will never allow the new moon to pass the equinox, and after the adjustment, it will always be the moon/month in which the equinox takes place as spoken of by Philo, see my article before this one. Notice that after 19 years the cycle starts over, as in creation, so is the 19th year.

Whenever the new moon drifts over 29 or 30 days from the equinox, we must jump over that thirteenth new moon and take the next one as the first month of the year in order to bring everything back in line with the equinox and its season and the month of the Abib barley.

1977 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter    

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                    Jan  5 12 10    Jan 12 19 55

    Jan 19 14 11    Jan 27  5 11    Feb  4  3 56    Feb 11  4 07

    Feb 18  3 37    Feb 26  2 50    Mar  5 17 13    Mar 12 11 35

    Mar 19 18 33    Mar 27 22 27    Apr  4  4 09    Apr 10 19 15

    Apr 18 10 35    Apr 26 14 42    May  3 13 03    May 10  4 08

    May 18  2 51    May 26  3 20    Jun  1 20 31    Jun  8 15 07

    Jun 16 18 23    Jun 24 12 44    Jul  1  3 24    Jul  8  4 39

    Jul 16  8 36    Jul 23 19 38    Jul 30 10 52    Aug  6 20 40

    Aug 14 21 31    Aug 22  1 04    Aug 28 20 10    Sep  5 14 33

    Sep 13  9 23    Sep 20  6 18    Sep 27  8 17    Oct  5  9 21

    Oct 12 20 31    Oct 19 12 46    Oct 26 23 35    Nov  4  3 58

    Nov 11  7 09    Nov 17 21 52    Nov 25 17 31    Dec  3 21 16

    Dec 10 17 33    Dec 17 10 37    Dec 25 12 49

 

1978 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                                    Jan  2 12 07

    Jan  9  4 00    Jan 16  3 03    Jan 24  7 56    Jan 31 23 51

    Feb  7 14 54    Feb 14 22 11    Feb 23  1 26    Mar  2  8 34

    Mar  9  2 36    Mar 16 18 21    Mar 24 16 20    Mar 31 15 11

    Apr  7 15 15    Apr 15 13 56    Apr 23  4 11    Apr 29 21 02

    May  7  4 47    May 15  7 39    May 22 13 17    May 29  3 30

    Jun  5 19 01    Jun 13 22 44    Jun 20 20 31    Jun 27 11 44

    Jul  5  9 50    Jul 13 10 49    Jul 20  3 05    Jul 26 22 31

    Aug  4  1 01    Aug 11 20 06    Aug 18 10 14    Aug 25 12 18

    Sep  2 16 09    Sep 10  3 20    Sep 16 19 01    Sep 24  5 08

    Oct  2  6 41    Oct  9  9 38    Oct 16  6 10    Oct 24  0 34

    Oct 31 20 07    Nov  7 16 18    Nov 14 20 00    Nov 22 21 24

    Nov 30  8 19    Dec  7  0 34    Dec 14 12 31    Dec 22 17 42

    Dec 29 19 36  

 

1979 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                    Jan  5 11 15    Jan 13  7 09    Jan 21 11 23

    Jan 28  6 20    Feb  4  0 36    Feb 12  2 39    Feb 20  1 17

    Feb 26 16 45    Mar  5 16 23    Mar 13 21 14    Mar 21 11 22

    Mar 28  2 59    Apr  4  9 57    Apr 12 13 15    Apr 19 18 30

    Apr 26 13 15    May  4  4 25    May 12  2 01    May 18 23 57

    May 26  0 00    Jun  2 22 37    Jun 10 11 55    Jun 17  5 01

    Jun 24 11 58    Jul  2 15 24    Jul  9 19 59    Jul 16 10 59

    Jul 24  1 41    Aug  1  5 57    Aug  8  3 21    Aug 14 19 02

    Aug 22 17 10    Aug 30 18 09    Sep  6 10 59    Sep 13  6 15

    Sep 21  9 47    Sep 29  4 20    Oct  5 19 35    Oct 12 21 24

    Oct 21  2 23    Oct 28 13 06    Nov  4  5 47    Nov 11 16 24

    Nov 19 18 04    Nov 26 21 09    Dec  3 18 08    Dec 11 13 59

    Dec 19  8 23    Dec 26  5 11                               

 

1980 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                    Jan  2  9 02    Jan 10 11 50

    Jan 17 21 19    Jan 24 13 58    Feb  1  2 21    Feb  9  7 35

    Feb 16  8 51    Feb 23  0 14    Mar  1 21 00    Mar  9 23 49

    Mar 16 18 56    Mar 23 12 31    Mar 31 15 14    Apr  8 12 06

    Apr 15  3 46    Apr 22  2 59    Apr 30  7 35    May  7 20 51

    May 14 12 00    May 21 19 16    May 29 21 28    Jun  6  2 53

    Jun 12 20 38    Jun 20 12 32    Jun 28  9 02    Jul  5  7 27

    Jul 12  6 46    Jul 20  5 51    Jul 27 18 54    Aug  3 12 00

    Aug 10 19 09    Aug 18 22 28    Aug 26  3 42    Sep  1 18 08

    Sep  9 10 00    Sep 17 13 54    Sep 24 12 08    Oct  1  3 18

    Oct  9  2 50    Oct 17  3 47    Oct 23 20 52    Oct 30 16 33

    Nov  7 20 43    Nov 15 15 47    Nov 22  6 39    Nov 29  9 59

    Dec  7 14 35    Dec 15  1 47    Dec 21 18 08    Dec 29  6 32

 

1981 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

    Jan  6  7 24    Jan 13 10 10    Jan 20  7 39    Jan 28  4 19

    Feb  4 22 14    Feb 11 17 49    Feb 18 22 58    Feb 27  1 14

    Mar  6 10 31    Mar 13  1 51    Mar 20 15 22    Mar 28 19 34

    Apr  4 20 19    Apr 11 11 11    Apr 19  7 59    Apr 27 10 14

    May  4  4 19    May 10 22 22    May 19  0 04    May 26 21 00

    Jun  2 11 32    Jun  9 11 33    Jun 17 15 04    Jun 25  4 25

    Jul  1 19 03    Jul  9  2 39    Jul 17  4 39    Jul 24  9 40

    Jul 31  3 52    Aug  7 19 26    Aug 15 16 37    Aug 22 14 16

    Aug 29 14 43    Sep  6 13 26    Sep 14  3 09    Sep 20 19 47

    Sep 28  4 07    Oct  6  7 45    Oct 13 12 49    Oct 20  3 40

    Oct 27 20 13    Nov  5  1 09    Nov 11 22 26    Nov 18 14 54

    Nov 26 14 38    Dec  4 16 22    Dec 11  8 41    Dec 18  5 47

    Dec 26 10 10                                               

 

1982 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                    Jan  3  4 46    Jan  9 19 53    Jan 16 23 58

    Jan 25  4 56    Feb  1 14 28    Feb  8  7 57    Feb 15 20 21

    Feb 23 21 13    Mar  2 22 15    Mar  9 20 45    Mar 17 17 15

    Mar 25 10 17    Apr  1  5 08    Apr  8 10 18    Apr 16 12 42

    Apr 23 20 29    Apr 30 12 07    May  8  0 45    May 16  5 11

    May 23  4 40    May 29 20 07    Jun  6 15 59    Jun 14 18 06

    Jun 21 11 52    Jun 28  5 56    Jul  6  7 32    Jul 14  3 47

    Jul 20 18 57    Jul 27 18 22    Aug  4 22 34    Aug 12 11 08

    Aug 19  2 45    Aug 26  9 49    Sep  3 12 28    Sep 10 17 19

    Sep 17 12 09    Sep 25  4 07    Oct  3  1 09    Oct  9 23 26

    Oct 17  0 04    Oct 25  0 08    Nov  1 12 57    Nov  8  6 38

    Nov 15 15 10    Nov 23 20 06    Dec  1  0 21    Dec  7 15 53

    Dec 15  9 18    Dec 23 14 17    Dec 30 11 33

 

1983 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                                    Jan  6  4 00

    Jan 14  5 08    Jan 22  5 33    Jan 28 22 26    Feb  4 19 17

    Feb 13  0 32    Feb 20 17 32    Feb 27  8 58    Mar  6 13 16

    Mar 14 17 43    Mar 22  2 25    Mar 28 19 27    Apr  5  8 38

    Apr 13  7 58    Apr 20  8 58    Apr 27  6 31    May  5  3 43

    May 12 19 25    May 19 14 17    May 26 18 48    Jun  3 21 07

    Jun 11  4 38    Jun 17 19 46    Jun 25  8 32    Jul  3 12 12

    Jul 10 12 18    Jul 17  2 50    Jul 24 23 27    Aug  2  0 52

    Aug  8 19 18    Aug 15 12 47    Aug 23 14 59    Aug 31 11 22

    Sep  7  2 35    Sep 14  2 24    Sep 22  6 36    Sep 29 20 05

    Oct  6 11 16    Oct 13 19 42    Oct 21 21 53    Oct 29  3 37

    Nov  4 22 21    Nov 12 15 49    Nov 20 12 29    Nov 27 10 50

    Dec  4 12 26    Dec 12 13 09    Dec 20  2 00    Dec 26 18 52

 

1984 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

    Jan  3  5 16    Jan 11  9 48    Jan 18 14 05    Jan 25  4 48

    Feb  1 23 46    Feb 10  4 00    Feb 17  0 41    Feb 23 17 12

    Mar  2 18 31    Mar 10 18 28    Mar 17 10 10    Mar 24  7 58

    Apr  1 12 10    Apr  9  4 51    Apr 15 19 11    Apr 23  0 26

    May  1  3 45    May  8 11 50    May 15  4 29    May 22 17 45

    May 30 16 48    Jun  6 16 42    Jun 13 14 42    Jun 21 11 10

    Jun 29  3 18    Jul  5 21 04    Jul 13  2 20    Jul 21  4 01

    Jul 28 11 51    Aug  4  2 33    Aug 11 15 43    Aug 19 19 41

    Aug 26 19 26    Sep  2 10 30    Sep 10  7 01    Sep 18  9 31

    Sep 25  3 11    Oct  1 21 52    Oct  9 23 58    Oct 17 21 14

    Oct 24 12 08    Oct 31 13 07    Nov  8 17 43    Nov 16  6 59

    Nov 22 22 57    Nov 30  8 01    Dec  8 10 53    Dec 15 15 25

    Dec 22 11 47    Dec 30  5 27 

 

1985 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                    Jan  7  2 16    Jan 13 23 27

    Jan 21  2 28    Jan 29  3 29    Feb  5 15 19    Feb 12  7 57

    Feb 19 18 43    Feb 27 23 41    Mar  7  2 13    Mar 13 17 34

    Mar 21 11 59    Mar 29 16 11    Apr  5 11 32    Apr 12  4 41

    Apr 20  5 22    Apr 28  4 25    May  4 19 53    May 11 17 34

    May 19 21 41    May 27 12 56    Jun  3  3 50    Jun 10  8 19

    Jun 18 11 58    Jun 25 18 53    Jul  2 12 08    Jul 10  0 49

    Jul 17 23 56    Jul 24 23 39    Jul 31 21 41    Aug  8 18 29

    Aug 16 10 06    Aug 23  4 36    Aug 30  9 27    Sep  7 12 16

    Sep 14 19 20    Sep 21 11 03    Sep 29  0 08    Oct  7  5 04

    Oct 14  4 33    Oct 20 20 13    Oct 28 17 38    Nov  5 20 07

    Nov 12 14 20    Nov 19  9 04    Nov 27 12 42    Dec  5  9 01

    Dec 12  0 54    Dec 19  1 58    Dec 27  7 30

 

1986 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                                    Jan  3 19 47

    Jan 10 12 22    Jan 17 22 13    Jan 26  0 31    Feb  2  4 41

    Feb  9  0 55    Feb 16 19 55    Feb 24 15 02    Mar  3 12 17

    Mar 10 14 52    Mar 18 16 39    Mar 26  3 02    Apr  1 19 30

    Apr  9  6 08    Apr 17 10 35    Apr 24 12 46    May  1  3 22

    May  8 22 10    May 17  1 00    May 23 20 45    May 30 12 55

    Jun  7 14 00    Jun 15 12 00    Jun 22  3 42    Jun 29  0 53

    Jul  7  4 55    Jul 14 20 10    Jul 21 10 40    Jul 28 15 34

    Aug  5 18 36    Aug 13  2 21    Aug 19 18 54    Aug 27  8 39

    Sep  4  7 10    Sep 11  7 41    Sep 18  5 34    Sep 26  3 17

    Oct  3 18 55    Oct 10 13 28    Oct 17 19 22    Oct 25 22 26

    Nov  2  6 02    Nov  8 21 11    Nov 16 12 12    Nov 24 16 50

    Dec  1 16 43    Dec  8  8 01    Dec 16  7 04    Dec 24  9 17

    Dec 31  3 10

 

1987 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                    Jan  6 22 34    Jan 15  2 30    Jan 22 22 45

    Jan 29 13 45    Feb  5 16 21    Feb 13 20 58    Feb 21  8 56

    Feb 28  0 51    Mar  7 11 58    Mar 15 13 13    Mar 22 16 22

    Mar 29 12 46    Apr  6  7 48    Apr 14  2 31    Apr 20 22 15

    Apr 28  1 34    May  6  2 26    May 13 12 50    May 20  4 02

    May 27 15 13    Jun  4 18 53    Jun 11 20 49    Jun 18 11 02

    Jun 26  5 37    Jul  4  8 34    Jul 11  3 33    Jul 17 20 17

    Jul 25 20 38    Aug  2 19 24    Aug  9 10 17    Aug 16  8 25

    Aug 24 11 59    Sep  1  3 48    Sep  7 18 13    Sep 14 23 44

    Sep 23  3 08    Sep 30 10 39    Oct  7  4 12    Oct 14 18 06

    Oct 22 17 28    Oct 29 17 10    Nov  5 16 46    Nov 13 14 38

    Nov 21  6 33    Nov 28  0 37    Dec  5  8 01    Dec 13 11 41

    Dec 20 18 25    Dec 27 10 0

 

 

 1988 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter    

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                    Jan  4  1 40    Jan 12  7 04

    Jan 19  5 26    Jan 25 21 54    Feb  2 20 52    Feb 10 23 01

    Feb 17 15 54    Feb 24 12 15    Mar  3 16 01    Mar 11 10 56

    Mar 18  2 02    Mar 25  4 42    Apr  2  9 21    Apr  9 19 21

    Apr 16 12 00    Apr 23 22 32    May  1 23 41    May  9  1 23

    May 15 22 11    May 23 16 49    May 31 10 53    Jun  7  6 22

    Jun 14  9 14    Jun 22 10 23    Jun 29 19 46    Jul  6 11 36

    Jul 13 21 53    Jul 22  2 14    Jul 29  3 25    Aug  4 18 22

    Aug 12 12 31    Aug 20 15 51    Aug 27 10 56    Sep  3  3 51

    Sep 11  4 49    Sep 19  3 18    Sep 25 19 07    Oct  2 16 58

    Oct 10 21 49    Oct 18 13 01    Oct 25  4 36    Nov  1 10 11

    Nov  9 14 20    Nov 16 21 35    Nov 23 15 53    Dec  1  6 49

    Dec  9  5 36    Dec 16  5 40    Dec 23  5 29    Dec 31  4 57

 

1989 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

    Jan  7 19 22    Jan 14 13 58    Jan 21 21 34    Jan 30  2 02

    Feb  6  7 37    Feb 12 23 15    Feb 20 15 32    Feb 28 20 08

    Mar  7 18 19    Mar 14 10 11    Mar 22  9 58    Mar 30 10 22

    Apr  6  3 33    Apr 12 23 13    Apr 21  3 13    Apr 28 20 46

    May  5 11 46    May 12 14 20    May 20 18 16    May 28  4 01

    Jun  3 19 53    Jun 11  6 59    Jun 19  6 57    Jun 26  9 09

    Jul  3  4 59    Jul 11  0 19    Jul 18 17 42    Jul 25 13 31

    Aug  1 16 06    Aug  9 17 29    Aug 17  3 07    Aug 23 18 40

    Aug 31  5 45    Sep  8  9 49    Sep 15 11 51    Sep 22  2 10

    Sep 29 21 47    Oct  8  0 52    Oct 14 20 32    Oct 21 13 19

    Oct 29 15 27    Nov  6 14 11    Nov 13  5 51    Nov 20  4 44

    Nov 28  9 41    Dec  6  1 26    Dec 12 16 30    Dec 19 23 55

    Dec 28  3 20

 

 

1990 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                    Jan  4 10 40    Jan 11  4 57    Jan 18 21 17

    Jan 26 19 20    Feb  2 18 32    Feb  9 19 16    Feb 17 18 48

    Feb 25  8 54    Mar  4  2 05    Mar 11 10 59    Mar 19 14 30

    Mar 26 19 48    Apr  2 10 24    Apr 10  3 18    Apr 18  7 03

    Apr 25  4 27    May  1 20 18    May  9 19 31    May 17 19 46

    May 24 11 47    May 31  8 11    Jun  8 11 01    Jun 16  4 48

    Jun 22 18 55    Jun 29 22 07    Jul  8  1 23    Jul 15 11 04

    Jul 22  2 54    Jul 29 14 01    Aug  6 14 19    Aug 13 15 54

    Aug 20 12 39    Aug 28  7 34    Sep  5  1 46    Sep 11 20 53

    Sep 19  0 46    Sep 27  2 06    Oct  4 12 02    Oct 11  3 31

    Oct 18 15 37    Oct 26 20 26    Nov  2 21 48    Nov  9 13 02

    Nov 17  9 05    Nov 25 13 12    Dec  2  7 50    Dec  9  2 04

    Dec 17  4 22    Dec 25  3 16    Dec 31 18 35

 

1991 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter    

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                                    Jan  7 18 35

    Jan 15 23 50    Jan 23 14 22    Jan 30  6 10    Feb  6 13 52

    Feb 14 17 32    Feb 21 22 58    Feb 28 18 25    Mar  8 10 32

    Mar 16  8 10    Mar 23  6 03    Mar 30  7 17    Apr  7  6 45

    Apr 14 19 38    Apr 21 12 39    Apr 28 20 59    May  7  0 46

    May 14  4 36    May 20 19 46    May 28 11 37    Jun  5 15 30

    Jun 12 12 06    Jun 19  4 19    Jun 27  2 58    Jul  5  2 50

    Jul 11 19 06    Jul 18 15 11    Jul 26 18 24    Aug  3 11 25

    Aug 10  2 28    Aug 17  5 01    Aug 25  9 07    Sep  1 18 16

    Sep  8 11 01    Sep 15 22 01    Sep 23 22 40    Oct  1  0 30

    Oct  7 21 39    Oct 15 17 33    Oct 23 11 08    Oct 30  7 11

    Nov  6 11 11    Nov 14 14 02    Nov 21 22 56    Nov 28 15 21

    Dec  6  3 56    Dec 14  9 32    Dec 21 10 23    Dec 28  1 55

 

1992 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter    

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

    Jan  4 23 10    Jan 13  2 32    Jan 19 21 28    Jan 26 15 27

   Feb 3 19 00     Feb 11 16 15  Feb 18 8 04     Feb 25  7 56

    Mar  4 13 22    Mar 12  2 36    Mar 18 18 18    Mar 26  2 30

    Apr  3  5 01    Apr 10 10 06    Apr 17  4 42    Apr 24 21 40

    May  2 17 44    May  9 15 44    May 16 16 03    May 24 15 53

    Jun  1  3 57    Jun  7 20 47    Jun 15  4 50    Jun 23  8 11

    Jun 30 12 18    Jul  7  2 43    Jul 14 19 06    Jul 22 22 12

    Jul 29 19 35    Aug  5 10 59    Aug 13 10 27    Aug 21 10 01

    Aug 28  2 42    Sep  3 22 39    Sep 12  2 17    Sep 19 19 53

    Sep 26 10 40    Oct  3 14 12    Oct 11 18 03    Oct 19  4 12

    Oct 25 20 34    Nov  2  9 11    Nov 10  9 20    Nov 17 11 39

    Nov 24  9 11    Dec  2  6 17    Dec  9 23 41    Dec 16 19 13

    Dec 24  0 43

 

            

 1993 Phases of the Moon 

 

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                    Jan  1  3 38    Jan  8 12 37    Jan 15  4 01

    Jan 22 18 27    Jan 30 23 20    Feb  6 23 55    Feb 13 14 57

    Feb 21 13 05    Mar  1 15 47    Mar  8  9 46    Mar 15  4 17

    Mar 23  7 14    Mar 31  4 10    Apr  6 18 43    Apr 13 19 39

    Apr 21 23 49    Apr 29 12 41    May  6  3 34    May 13 12 20

    May 21 14 07    May 28 18 21    Jun  4 13 02    Jun 12  5 36

    Jun 20  1 52    Jun 26 22 43    Jul  3 23 45    Jul 11 22 49

    Jul 19 11 24    Jul 26  3 25    Aug  2 12 10    Aug 10 15 19

    Aug 17 19 28    Aug 24  9 57    Sep  1  2 33    Sep  9  6 26

    Sep 16  3 10    Sep 22 19 33    Sep 30 18 54    Oct  8 19 35

    Oct 15 11 36    Oct 22  8 52    Oct 30 12 38    Nov  7  6 36

    Nov 13 21 34    Nov 21  2 03    Nov 29  6 31    Dec  6 15 49

    Dec 13  9 27    Dec 20 22 26    Dec 28 23 05 

 

1994 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter    

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                                    Jan  5  0 01

    Jan 11 23 10    Jan 19 20 27    Jan 27 13 23    Feb  3  8 06

    Feb 10 14 30    Feb 18 17 47    Feb 26  1 15    Mar  4 16 53

    Mar 12  7 05    Mar 20 12 14    Mar 27 11 10    Apr  3  2 55

    Apr 11  0 17    Apr 19  2 34    Apr 25 19 45    May  2 14 32

    May 10 17 07    May 18 12 50    May 25  3 39    Jun  1  4 02

    Jun  9  8 26    Jun 16 19 57    Jun 23 11 33    Jun 30 19 31

    Jul  8 21 37    Jul 16  1 12    Jul 22 20 16    Jul 30 12 40

    Aug  7  8 45    Aug 14  5 57    Aug 21  6 47    Aug 29  6 41

    Sep  5 18 33    Sep 12 11 34    Sep 19 20 01    Sep 28  0 23

    Oct  5  3 55    Oct 11 19 17    Oct 19 12 18    Oct 27 16 44

    Nov  3 13 35    Nov 10  6 14    Nov 18  6 57    Nov 26  7 04

    Dec  2 23 54    Dec  9 21 06    Dec 18  2 17    Dec 25 19 06

 

 

1995 Phases of the Moon

 

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

    Jan  1 10 56    Jan  8 15 46    Jan 16 20 26    Jan 24  4 58

 

    Jan 30 22 48    Feb  7 12 54    Feb 15 12 15    Feb 22 13 04

 

         Mar  1 11 48         Mar  9 10 14            Mar 17  1 26          Mar 23 20 10

 

    Mar 31  2 09    Apr  8  5 35    Apr 15 12 08    Apr 22  3 18

 

    Apr 29 17 36    May  7 21 44    May 14 20 48    May 21 11 36

 

    May 29  9 27    Jun  6 10 26    Jun 13  4 03    Jun 19 22 01

 

    Jun 28  0 50    Jul  5 20 02    Jul 12 10 49    Jul 19 11 10

 

    Jul 27 15 13    Aug  4  3 16    Aug 10 18 16    Aug 18  3 04

 

    Aug 26  4 31    Sep  2  9 03    Sep  9  3 37    Sep 16 21 09

 

    Sep 24 16 55    Oct  1 14 36    Oct  8 15 52    Oct 16 16 26

 

    Oct 24  4 36    Oct 30 21 17    Nov  7  7 20    Nov 15 11 40

 

    Nov 22 15 43    Nov 29  6 28    Dec  7  1 27    Dec 15  5 31

 

    Dec 22  2 22    Dec 28 19 06

 

1996 Phases of the Moon

                            Universal Time

 

        New Moon   First Quarter       Full Moon    Last Quarter   

 

         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m         d  h  m

 

                                    Jan  5 20 51    Jan 13 20 45

    Jan 20 12 50    Jan 27 11 14    Feb  4 15 58    Feb 12  8 37

    Feb 18 23 30    Feb 26  5 52    Mar  5  9 23    Mar 12 17 15

    Mar 19 10 45    Mar 27  1 31    Apr  4  0 07    Apr 10 23 36

    Apr 17 22 49    Apr 25 20 40    May  3 11 48    May 10  5 04

    May 17 11 46    May 25 14 13    Jun  1 20 47    Jun  8 11 05

    Jun 16  1 36    Jun 24  5 23    Jul  1  3 58    Jul  7 18 55

    Jul 15 16 15    Jul 23 17 49    Jul 30 10 35    Aug  6  5 25

    Aug 14  7 34    Aug 22  3 36    Aug 28 17 52    Sep  4 19 06

    Sep 12 23 07    Sep 20 11 23    Sep 27  2 51    Oct  4 12 04

    Oct 12 14 14    Oct 19 18 09    Oct 26 14 11    Nov  3  7 50

    Nov 11  4 16    Nov 18  1 09    Nov 25  4 10    Dec  3  5 06

    Dec 10 16 56    Dec 17  9 31    Dec 24 20 41 

 

It’s hard for me to imagine that Adam would have ever added a thirteenth new moon before it was needed, and after the year has ended,  to bring the first moon of the year back in line with the spring season.

Adam would not have had a thirteenth new moon to rise until after 24 new moons from creation, which would be the beginning of the third year.

If Adam never added a thirteenth new moon until it was needed, the first new moon of the year will always come before the spring equinox, even to this day, as was the case in creation.

In order for Adam to ever get a first new moon of the year, after the equinox, he would have to deliberately add a thirteenth AND FOURTEENTH new moon before time to do so, otherwise nature will not allow  the first new moon of the year to ever  pass the spring equinox, Because of the backboard drift!

 Or, he could make the new moon adjustment before it is needed, which does not make sense to me.

Today we add a thirteenth new moon every third year in order to bring the full moon feast back in line with the spring season of the year and barley harvest, which will always be the full moon closest to the spring equinox.

The only way to do this is to never add a thirteenth and fourteenth new moon or add a thirteenth new moon before it is needed by nature.

If you do either of these two things to cause a new moon to come after the equinox, the full moon feasts will not be as close to the spring equinox and barley harvest, as it will be if you simply add a 13 new moon when needed to bring everything back in line with the spring seasons. 

Days feast on in creation

Below shows when Adam would have Observed the feast for the first 20 years from creation. The full moon closest to the equinox will always be the full moon feast. The numbers to the right of date shows how many days it is from the spring equinox. The first year, would be April 4, The second year it would be March 24, four days from the equinox etc. throughout the 20 years

Apr  4 -  15, 

 

Mar 24 - 4,  

 

Mar 13 - 11, 

 

Mar 31 - 11, 

 

Mar 20 -0, 

 

Mar  9 -11, 

 

Mar 28- 8,  

 

Mar 17 -3,  

 

Mar  7  -13, 

 

Mar 26  -6, 

 

Mar 15 -5,  

 

Apr  2 -13, 

 

 Mar 22- 2, 

 

Mar 11 -9, 

 

Mar 30  -10,

 

 Mar 18  -2,   

 

 Mar 8 -12, 

 

Mar 27  -7, 

  

Mar 17  -3, 

 

Apr  4  -15, notice it  started over again, after 19 years. 

Nine of these feasts actually touch the equinox because they are 7 day feasts and others a day or two off. The furthest away from the equinox is 15 days. You have 2 – 13 days away from the Equinox and 3 – 11, 1 – 10, two nines, one eight days away etc. but all are as close as you can get to the equinox and barley harvest. If you do it any other way, you will not be as near the equinox season and the barley harvest.

By adding the thirteenth new moon every third year, certainly keeps the full moon feast at the equinox and in its season.

Who  decides  when to add a 13th NewMoon, Nature or Man??? 

I do not think anyone can intelligently argue that the very first day in creation, was none other than the very first day of the year and month/Moon. As a matter of fact it was the very first day of everything.

Also there would have been an equal division between light and darkness at creation, which is called equinox, Meaning equal night, Genesis 1:5.

If Adam, who was created six days after the equinox, or equal light and darkness, were a feast keeper, he would have to add a 13th new Moon, once the moon drifted 33 days away from the equinox, he would then take the next new moon after that as the first month of the year.

This would bring the first month of the year back in line with the equinox and harvest season at creation but that new moon will never pass the March 20 equinox and if Adam were alive today, this is what he would understand. This kills every excuse people make to take a New Moon after the equinox, no matter what their reasoning may be.

To take a new moon after the equinox is not consistent with nature or scripture. 

Again, if Adam were a feast keeper, he would add a 13th new Moon as soon as nature produced one, in order to bring the new Moon and seasons back in line with the equinox. 

It's not nice to try and fool mother nature, by adding a 13th new moon before she produces one, she will tell on you.

http://www.lunarsabbath.info/id46.html 

And http://www.lunarsabbath.info/id45.html 

You can also use the great  lights to find the 1st month because once the moon drifts over 30 days backwards from the equinox, a 13th new moon will automatically rise and reset the 1st month of the year. 

In other words, the 13th new moon is a trigger for resetting the 1st month of the year.

Who chooses which of the 12 moons is the 13th one and when to add a 13 new moon, nature or man???

Unless nature does it, every man will do what is right in his own eyes.

The first full moon, not new moon, of abib barley will do it also, Lev-23:15 and Lev-34:18.

Genesis 1:14 says let them, referring to the great lights, be for days and years, signs and seasons. 

Now if we let them, the Great lights, do their job and create a 13th New Moon, It will automatically trigger for the first month of the year.

Man should stay out of it and let nature have her way and she will show us the first month of the year which will always be the one after after the 13th new Moon rises. When doing this, the feast will always be on the full moon closest to the equinox.

The language of the Heavens is so strongly written that it overrides every argument, any writing, or writer, could think to say. The language of the Moon was written by YHWH in the very design of the Universe and when she utters Her voice, we should listen because Her ordinances will not change.

The full moon cannot go over 29 days past ripe abib barley!!!!

First month of the year

The very first New moon of the year in creation will float backwards, remaining the first month of the year, until it floats 29 or 30 days away from the equinox, at which time it can no longer be considered the first month of the year. You must then skip that 13th Newmoon and go back to the equinox, or about three days from it and take that new Moon as the first month of the year and the process begins anew, I. E. start drifting back again until it drifts 29 or 30 days from the equinox and you must continue this process again to keep the seasons in line with the first month of the year and the equinox.

There will always be ripe barley/green ears in the first month, the first month to have ripe barley, is the first month of the year. Barley is always ripe around the first of  March.

What makes a new Moon the first moon of the year?

The amazing thing is this will always put the full moon at the barley

 harvest, from March 6 to April 4, which is in harmony with Exodus 23:15 and Exodus 34:18.

Which teachers to keep the full moon of abib barley harvest.

VERY important to know that a new moon right before the equinox is not a 13th New Moon

Neither is one that is 11 days days before the equinox and neither is a new Moon 22 days before the equinox, a 13th new moon has to be over 30 days away from the equinox..

A 13th Newmoon is one that rises over 29 or 30 days before the equinox because it has floated out of it's season. 

A 13th new Moon is one that has drifted beyond 29 1/2 days before the equinox and must be skipped 

New moon after February 19

The very first new moon of the year IS THE ONE THAT BEGINS THE YEAR! Not the one after it! See Genesis 1.

Certainly, a first-century Israelite feast keeper, from the tribe of Levi, known as Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), knew how to determine when the first month of the year occurred. He matter-of-factly wrote that the first month is the month in which the equinox occurs! See Philo, ON THE CREATION page 17 chapter 39, verse 116 and THE SPECIAL LAWS,11, page 582 chapter 28, verse 153.

During the time of Daniel, the historical evidence shows that the ancient year ended February 19 and spring began. Any new moon on or after February 19 is the month in which the traditional March 20 equinox occurs.

Hesiod, who lived during the time of Daniel, before they thought to change the seasons, wrote under WORKS AND DAYS,

“(ll. 564-570) “Observe all this until the year is ended and you have nights and days of equal length, and Earth, the mother of all, bears again her various fruit. When Zeus has finished sixty wintry days after the solstice, then the star Arcturus leaves the holy stream of Ocean and first rises brilliant at dusk. (25)After him the shrilly wailing daughter of Pandion, the swallow, appears to men when spring is just beginning.  Before she comes, prune the vines, for it is best so.”

Notice, 60 days from the winter solstice is February 19 and if you were to take the first new moon after the ancient year ended, February 19, it will be the VERY SAME new moon in which the traditional equinox takes place, spoken of by Philo, hundreds of years later, who says, the month in which the equinox occurs in, is the first month of the year! See Philo, ON THE CREATION page 17 chapter 39, verse 116 and THE SPECIAL LAWS,11, page 582 chapter 28, verse 153.

 In other words Philo and HESIOD would have observed the first new moon after the original ancient year ended and they would always keep the feast around the time of the traditional equinox, which is in March and September.  Side note, the swallows still appear at the beginning of spring, 60 days after the winter solstice, just as Hesoid said! See http://www.birdingisrael.com/blog/welcome-to-the-birds-of-israel-homepage/birding-itineraries-month-by-month/january-february/  

Can you see that the first new moon after the original year ends, around February 19, is the same new moon that the equinox occurs in and that’s when we are to keep the feast according to Philo, who was an eyewitness during the time of our Savior?

Philo made it very clear in his writings that according to the law, the feasts were to be observed “at” the traditional equinoxes! You can read the many places that he says this at my website under the first month of the year. When you do it this way it will always be at the full moon closest to the equinoxes and that’s when the harvests feast took place.

A new moon or month "after" the traditional equinox is NOT the month IN WHICH the equinox takes place or occurs!

According to history, the original Roman calendar months were by the moon and the first lunar month/moon of the year was the lunar month in which the equinox took place!

This means that a new moon anywhere from February 19 to March 20 is the first month of the ancient year. Remember, the writing of HESOID, in a nonbiased letter when writing to his brother, teaches us that the old year ended 60 days after the winter solstice, which is around February 19. Therefore the new year would begin around February 19 and the first new moon that occurs after the ancient year ends will be the first new moon of the new year.

The Wikipedia encyclopedia also says, “Roman writers attributed the original Roman calendar to Romulus, the founder of Rome around 753 BC. The Romulus calendar had ten months with the spring equinox in the first month:” see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_calendar

If the early Romans first lunar month of the year began with the new moon in which the equinox is in, this is in perfect harmony with Philo, who lived during the time of our Savior.

This information also shows that not only Daniel, Hesiod, and Philo believe the month in which the traditional equinox takes place, is the first month of the year, but the early Romans also believed the month in which the equinox occurs is the first month of the year. But Daniel, who lived during the time of HESOLD, prophesied that the little horn would think to change times and laws.

Some Ancient writers believe February 23rd was originally the end of the year. At this time the year reached its Full term and a Greek god named terminus was worshiped on this day, who was god of boundary lines. A boundary is the point where one thing ends and another begins. It is also at this point of year that the light and darkness is of equal length.

At any rate, what in the world would possess someone to add an extra day, every fourth year to bring the seasons back in line with the sun, on February 23 instead of the end of February as they do today, unless they understood the equal light and darkness was on this day? The author of Enoch understood the first day of the year began on the next day after the equal light and darkness/equinox, which happens around this time.

The above scholars support my observations that the year ends at the equal light and darkness equinox instead of the traditional equinox. In other words I am not the only one. Worship

The name of the god Terminus was the Latin word for a boundary stone,[1] and his worship as recorded in the late Republic and Empire centred on this stone, with which the god could be identified.[2] Siculus Flaccus, a writer on land surveying, records the ritual by which the stone was sanctified: the bones, ashes, and blood of a sacrificial victim, along with crops, honeycombs, and wine, were placed into a hole at a point where estates converged, and the stone was driven in on top.[3] On February 23 annually, a festival called the Terminalia was celebrated in Terminus' honor, involving practices which can be regarded as a reflection or "yearly renewal" of this foundational ritual.[4] Neighboring families would garland their respective sides of the marker and make offerings to Terminus at an altar—Ovid identifies these, again, as crops, honeycombs, and wine. The marker itself would be drenched in the blood of a sacrificed lamb or pig. There followed a communal feast and hymns in praise of Terminus.[2][5]

These rites were practised by private landowners, but there were also related public ceremonies. Ovid refers to the sacrifice of a sheep on the day of the Terminalia at the sixth milestone from Rome along the Via Laurentina;[2] it is likely this was thought to have marked the boundary between the early Romans and their neighbors in Laurentum.[5] Also, a stone or altar of Terminus was located in the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on Rome's Capitoline Hill. Because of a belief that this stone had to be exposed to the sky, there was a small hole in the ceiling directly above it.[2][6] On occasion Terminus' association with Jupiter extended to regarding Terminus as an aspect of that god; Dionysius of Halicarnassus refers to "Jupiter Terminalis",[7] and one inscription names a god "Juppiter Ter."[8]

There is some evidence that Terminus' associations could extend from property boundaries to limits more generally. Under the Republican calendar, when the intercalary month Mercedonius was added to a year, it was placed after February 23 or February 24,[9] and some ancient writers believed that the Terminalia on February 23 had once been the end of the year.[10] Diocletian's decision in 303 AD to initiate his persecution of Christians on February 23 has been seen as an attempt at enlisting Terminus "to put a limit to the progress of Christianity".[11]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terminus_(god)#cite_ref-9 

  Brother Arnold www.lunarsabbath.info

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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